​​EYENEET's targeted project beneficiaries are

NEETs - young people ages 18-28 

      not in education, employment or training 

with a special effort placed on recruiting women and the

disabled to the project. We have taken the definition of

NEETs from Eurofound, the tripartite EU agency providing

knowledge to assist in the development of better social, 

employment- and work-related policies that define our

primary target group. These include young people who

are conventionally unemployed, unavailable for full-time

employment, disengaged, opportunity seekers, and those

who are identified as a NEET not by choice. Partners in

the EYENEET consortium seek to understand the

economic and social consequences of a NEET’s

disengagement from the labour market and education

in order to create opportunities for them to acquire skills

toward becoming gainfully employed or an entrepreneur

for a business startup, which is an additional avenue for

creating jobs. 

The EYE Theory of Change for Youth Unemployment...



* City Council of Alzira, Valencia

* Escola de Comercio de Lisboa (Lisbon School of Business and Commerce)

* Global Skills Network

Transnational Project Management, Barcelona


Join the battle - bring the EYE model 

combat youth unemployment and foster entrepreneurship 

in your region!


Quick Links

​​​​​​​Our vision for EYE is to set forth a model of  training + pathways + telecollaboration  that applies the tenets

of entrepreneurship in all its definitions to combat Youth Unemployment, one of the most serious challenges to

a global society. Youth unemployment rates tend to be higher than the adult rates in every country in the world. ​​

The United Nations defines youth unemployment as a disengagement from the workforce of individuals between

the ages of 15–24 years old. For the purpose of recruiting beneficiaries to EYE training programmes, however,

we have defined youth unemployment for individuals between the ages of 18-28, with a special effort placed on

recruiting women to the project, to reflect several realities: 

     (1) post-secondary education does not guarantee a decent job; since our primary focus is on combating youth

unemployment in the MENA region where the unemployment rates exceed those of any other region in the world,

we took into consideration the statistics cited above.

     (2) defining a population as unemployed leads to the possibility of not accounting for a number of  young people

left out of work or relegated to working in fields other than those of their career choice or not utilizing technical skills

and other capabilities they may have, or who are working part-time instead of full-time jobs.These are the under-

employed, hidden away in employment statistics. The consequences of underemployment are just as serious, and

in many cases more so, as the underemployed lose valuable  skills, knowledge and abilities, have diminished

prospects for job security and income, and suffer from emotional distress which, in turn, may lead to deteriorating

mental and physical health.

    (3) research shows the high number of industries impacted by the global financial crisis that cannot offer young

adults job security in their home countries. Other underemployed youth have been forced to emigrate, including

those who are refugees from violent conflicts and disastrous economic conditions.

    (4) oftentimes women are considered inactive in the workforce and are, therefore, excluded in unemployment

statistics; their inclusion would substantially increase the unemployment rate. Low female participation in the

workforce has been attributed to several factors, including but not limited to motherhood, household duties and

high rates of gender violence. Their remuneration and their professional progression are stunted by inaccessible

or unaffordable child care, working without pay taking care of household chores and other circumstances that

restrict the time they could spend on paid work. The International Labour Organisation reports that around the

world, finding a job is much tougher for women than it is for men. But the quality of work is also addressed by the

gender gap for university-educated women, especially in our area of focus in the MENA region, where the 

unemployment rates among university-educated women are more than three times higher than that of university-

educated men, and in some MENA countries eight times higher. 

The European Commission characterized unemployed youth as a ‘lost generation’ — the possibility of entering

into long-term unemployment with no future or prospects for a permanent occupation steadily increasing. Rates

of unemployment for this group is much higher than that of other groups. 

​The world financial crisis of 2007-2008 created huge economic upheavals in the world’s economies and have

lingering effects in our target areas; it not only forced the loss of jobs but also changed the nature of work forever. 

Adverse effects of the financial crisis include high rates of unemployment, causing a shift in the quantity and

quality of labor output. Many industries now face dual workforce problems: rapidly-changing skills requirements

in an era of big data and cloud computing, and constant employee churn that leaves a huge hole in the workforce.

An inability to secure a livelihood prevents unemployed youth from fulfilling manifold adult social roles and contributes

to social upheavals and instability. 

*  The situation is particularly acute for women in the Mediterranean countries of the MENA region and in Europe

as well. The European Commission states female creativity and entrepreneurial potential to be an under-exploited

source of economic growth and jobs that should be further developed. It is predicted that if women’s labor participation

were closer to male participation, over a trillion EUR would be added to GDP in emerging economies — and women-

led businesses are key to this opportunity. In view of the fact that women constitute only 34% of EU self-employed

and 30% of start-up entrepreneurs, with a much lower participation in Mediterranean Partner Countries, a special

focus will be placed on recruiting women to the project to attempt gender equality in programming outcomes. 

* An increasing body of evidence showing that persons with disabilities experience worse socio-economic outcomes

and poverty than persons without disabilities

A secondary yet very important group of beneficiaries include trainers and mentors who will become ​facilitators  

of learning to guide the NEET beneficiaries on pathways to entrepreneurship, employment or a return to formal 

education and/or vocational training. They become members of a COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE for networking 

​to share ideas and experiences, access literature on best practice and be mentored by more experienced facilitators.



Barcelona, Spain

Comunidad Valenciana, Spain

Special focus on recruiting women to the project.



NEETS and underemployed professionals and refugees ages 18-28,

​with a special focus

on recruiting women

​​In reaching out to public, public/private and private service providers, we endeavor to identify, recruit and retain

NEETs to the EYENEET programme. These include the underemployed - professionals who cannot find work in their

sectors - as well as recently-arrived immigrants and refugees. We want to hear from these colleagues in the fight

against unemployment and underemployment, especially policymakers and other stakeholders, regarding their ideas

and recommendations for bringing their beneficiaries and clients into the programme as a means of contributing toward

bringing economic development and social cohesion to their regions.

Unemployed and


Youth / Refugees



​​Convening stakeholders

and external audiences in dialogue around the issues

of youth unemployment, 

underemployment and

economic development.

Networks Working

to Combat Youth


EYE –The E-Incubator for Young Entrepreneurs – constitutes

an intervention directed primarily toward training targeted

populations for acquiring marketable skills. EYENEET rises

to the challenge of preparing individuals for the worlds of

entrepreneurship and the workforce by acquiring a growth

mindset, skills and key competences needed for enhancing

employability and growth toward a becoming a successful

entrepreneur. The project's foundational basis is built on

the European Commission's definition of what it means to

​be entrepreneurial - having thecapacity to act upon 

opportunities and ideas and transform them into financial, 

cultural or social value for others.

The EYENEET training model focuses on trainees acquiring

Knowledge Economy skills for the 21st Century and beyond 

that would sustain them through their journey toward gainful

employment and/or successful entrepreneurship to start a

business. These same skills can also improve their

employability in the 21st Century workforce prepared with

skills demanded by employers -  capabilities for analytical

problem-solving, innovation and creativity, self-direction

and initiative, flexibility and adaptability, critical thinking, and

skills in being able to communicate, work in teams and

collaborate. These will empower them to become problem-

solvers, able to look at situations from different perspectives.

They become skilled at defining a problem to consider its 

causes towards identifying, prioritizing and selecting

alternatives for its solution. The project attempts to define 

what entrepreneurship means to our beneficiaries in

attaining ​marketable skills.

Their foray into the world of entrepreneurship will support

them in developing valued products and services that fulfill

a need. Likewise, beneficiaries who want to get a job

become equipped with skills in demand by the 21st

Century workforce of the Knowledge Age. Those wanting to

return to formal education or vocational training will bring new

​skills for knowledge deepening and knowledge creation.

EYENEET mentors are experienced in the material being

taught, and guide trainees through the training modules,

delivered via e-learning methodologies. They also liaison

with local resources that will support beneficiaries on the

pathway to entrepreneurship, employment or a return to

formal education and/or vocational training

EYENEET - Geography...

Municipality of Menjez, Lebanon

A.3.1: Provide young people,especially

those belonging to the NEETS, and women,

with marketable skils

EYENEET Defined... 

A project of Global Skills Network

​Contact the Webmaster

Lisbon, Portugal

Ioannina, Greece



A Sign of the Times

In the Mediterranean Region...

EYENEET - Beneficiaries...

​​Youth Unemployment

By the Numbers...

Murcia, Spain

Irbid, Jordan

Alexandria, Egypt

EYENEET was devised as a training model that promotes the  acquisition of

skills and competences through distance learning coupled with activities and

services provided by local Associate Partners to support beneficiaries' pathways

toward entrepreneurship, the job market, or a return to formal education and/or vocational

training. The project supports dialogue amongst stakeholders to advance knowledge about the

NEET population in our areas, and provides a venue for virtual exchanges amongst beneficiaries ofthe project. 

EYENEET is a collaboration of a consortium of representatives from the public sector, academia, business and training

entities, entrepreneurship ecosystems, idea centers and accelerators, employers and public/private agencies that

promote employment opportunities for young people. Our project addresses the thematic objective of supporting

NEETS, especially women and young people in acquiring marketable skills through the creation and support of

model field projects - piloting the EYE model in diverse learning environments;  EYENEET also has overlapping goals

aligned with the Funding Authority's priority of promoting socio-economic development and social cohesion through

cross-border collaboration that creates synergies amongst Mediterranean Sea Basin countries. EYENEET adheres to

the systematic and objective assessment of the project according to standards set forth by the Funding Authority for the

evaluation, monitoring and reviewing of project activities  as well as for the dissemination of knowledge forthcoming from

the project's activities and research.  Contact:  Sandra Lund-Diaz, M.Ed., Global Skills Network Barcelona - EYENEET

Consortium Coordinator, 

Our Audiences... 


How serious is the NEET problem?  According to the

International Labour Organization, 34% of the world's

population are young women NEETs, and 10% are

young men NEETs. Eurofound, the European statistics

agency, reported The NEET rate in Europe increased

to13.2% in 2012. Due to the sectoral nature of the crisis,

unemployment and long-term unemployment rates rose

most sharply among young men. In absolute numbers,

around six million young people in Europe belong to

the NEET group. For those aged 15-29, the number

is about ​14 million - 14.2%. Mirroring global rates by

gender, there there are more NEET women than men

among those aged 15-24. Perhaps more important

than simply considering the numbers is considering

the great wasted potential for productivity and

contributions to ​society.​​

Not in Education,


or Training

Irbid, Jordan

Send Us A Note....

Cairo, Egypt

                  A SPECIAL FOCUS IS

                PLACED ON RECRUITING





Mourouj, Tunisia



Send us an email:

A.3 Promotion of social

inclusion and the fight

against poverty


EYE - E-Incubator for Young Entrepreneurs

18-28 year-olds who

are unemployed,


or belong to a NEET

(Not in Education,

Employment or

Training) population.



EYENEET - A Multi-Partner

Cross-Border Collaboration

The following geographic areas that meet those
criteria were selected as bases for designing,
developing and implementing the EYENEET
Project: European Union Member Countries

of Spain (lead), Portugal, Greece, and Italy
Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs) of

Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia.


Employment and



Bringing together diverse

people to collaboratively

analyze and address 

complex problems that

transcend borders

Palermo, Italy


​​The EYENEET Solution

Cross-Border Collaboration

Facilitating the Acquisition of

Marketable Skills and Workplace Competences

*  Stakeholder Dialogue and Beneficiaries Virtual Exchanges

*  Training for Skills, Competences and a Growth Mindset

*  ​Community of Practice for Trainers and Mentors

*  Local Linkages for Pathways to ​Entrepreneurship, 

Gainful Employment or a Return to Formal Education

​and/or Vocational Training

Trainers wanting to

provide a more

complete learning

path for their

beneficiaries, including

the Public Sector