EYENEET's targeted project beneficiaries are
NEETs - young people ages 18-28
not in education, employment or training
with a special effort placed on recruiting women and the
disabled to the project. We have taken the definition of
NEETs from Eurofound, the tripartite EU agency providing
knowledge to assist in the development of better social,
employment- and work-related policies that define our
primary target group. These include young people who
are conventionally unemployed, unavailable for full-time
employment, disengaged, opportunity seekers, and those
who are identified as a NEET not by choice. Partners in
the EYENEET consortium seek to understand the
economic and social consequences of a NEET’s
disengagement from the labour market and education
in order to create opportunities for them to acquire skills
toward becoming gainfully employed or an entrepreneur
for a business startup, which is an additional avenue for
The EYE Theory of Change for Youth Unemployment...
2019 EYENEET LEADERSHIP
* City Council of Alzira, Valencia
* Escola de Comercio de Lisboa (Lisbon School of Business and Commerce)
* Global Skills Network
Transnational Project Management, Barcelona
Join the battle - bring the EYE model
combat youth unemployment and foster entrepreneurship
in your region!
Our vision for EYE is to set forth a model of training + pathways + telecollaboration that applies the tenets
of entrepreneurship in all its definitions to combat Youth Unemployment, one of the most serious challenges to
a global society. Youth unemployment rates tend to be higher than the adult rates in every country in the world.
The United Nations defines youth unemployment as a disengagement from the workforce of individuals between
the ages of 15–24 years old. For the purpose of recruiting beneficiaries to EYE training programmes, however,
we have defined youth unemployment for individuals between the ages of 18-28, with a special effort placed on
recruiting women to the project, to reflect several realities:
(1) post-secondary education does not guarantee a decent job; since our primary focus is on combating youth
unemployment in the MENA region where the unemployment rates exceed those of any other region in the world,
we took into consideration the statistics cited above.
(2) defining a population as unemployed leads to the possibility of not accounting for a number of young people
left out of work or relegated to working in fields other than those of their career choice or not utilizing technical skills
and other capabilities they may have, or who are working part-time instead of full-time jobs.These are the under-
employed, hidden away in employment statistics. The consequences of underemployment are just as serious, and
in many cases more so, as the underemployed lose valuable skills, knowledge and abilities, have diminished
prospects for job security and income, and suffer from emotional distress which, in turn, may lead to deteriorating
mental and physical health.
(3) research shows the high number of industries impacted by the global financial crisis that cannot offer young
adults job security in their home countries. Other underemployed youth have been forced to emigrate, including
those who are refugees from violent conflicts and disastrous economic conditions.
(4) oftentimes women are considered inactive in the workforce and are, therefore, excluded in unemployment
statistics; their inclusion would substantially increase the unemployment rate. Low female participation in the
workforce has been attributed to several factors, including but not limited to motherhood, household duties and
high rates of gender violence. Their remuneration and their professional progression are stunted by inaccessible
or unaffordable child care, working without pay taking care of household chores and other circumstances that
restrict the time they could spend on paid work. The International Labour Organisation reports that around the
world, finding a job is much tougher for women than it is for men. But the quality of work is also addressed by the
gender gap for university-educated women, especially in our area of focus in the MENA region, where the
unemployment rates among university-educated women are more than three times higher than that of university-
educated men, and in some MENA countries eight times higher.
The European Commission characterized unemployed youth as a ‘lost generation’ — the possibility of entering
into long-term unemployment with no future or prospects for a permanent occupation steadily increasing. Rates
of unemployment for this group is much higher than that of other groups.
The world financial crisis of 2007-2008 created huge economic upheavals in the world’s economies and have
lingering effects in our target areas; it not only forced the loss of jobs but also changed the nature of work forever.
Adverse effects of the financial crisis include high rates of unemployment, causing a shift in the quantity and
quality of labor output. Many industries now face dual workforce problems: rapidly-changing skills requirements
in an era of big data and cloud computing, and constant employee churn that leaves a huge hole in the workforce.
An inability to secure a livelihood prevents unemployed youth from fulfilling manifold adult social roles and contributes
to social upheavals and instability.
* The situation is particularly acute for women in the Mediterranean countries of the MENA region and in Europe
as well. The European Commission states female creativity and entrepreneurial potential to be an under-exploited
source of economic growth and jobs that should be further developed. It is predicted that if women’s labor participation
were closer to male participation, over a trillion EUR would be added to GDP in emerging economies — and women-
led businesses are key to this opportunity. In view of the fact that women constitute only 34% of EU self-employed
and 30% of start-up entrepreneurs, with a much lower participation in Mediterranean Partner Countries, a special
focus will be placed on recruiting women to the project to attempt gender equality in programming outcomes.
* An increasing body of evidence showing that persons with disabilities experience worse socio-economic outcomes
and poverty than persons without disabilities
A secondary yet very important group of beneficiaries include trainers and mentors who will become facilitators
of learning to guide the NEET beneficiaries on pathways to entrepreneurship, employment or a return to formal
education and/or vocational training. They become members of a COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE for networking
to share ideas and experiences, access literature on best practice and be mentored by more experienced facilitators.
Comunidad Valenciana, Spain
Special focus on recruiting women to the project.
NEETS and underemployed professionals and refugees ages 18-28,
with a special focus
on recruiting women
In reaching out to public, public/private and private service providers, we endeavor to identify, recruit and retain
NEETs to the EYENEET programme. These include the underemployed - professionals who cannot find work in their
sectors - as well as recently-arrived immigrants and refugees. We want to hear from these colleagues in the fight
against unemployment and underemployment, especially policymakers and other stakeholders, regarding their ideas
and recommendations for bringing their beneficiaries and clients into the programme as a means of contributing toward
bringing economic development and social cohesion to their regions.
Youth / Refugees
and external audiences in dialogue around the issues
of youth unemployment,
to Combat Youth
EYE –The E-Incubator for Young Entrepreneurs – constitutes
an intervention directed primarily toward training targeted
populations for acquiring marketable skills. EYENEET rises
to the challenge of preparing individuals for the worlds of
entrepreneurship and the workforce by acquiring a growth
mindset, skills and key competences needed for enhancing
employability and growth toward a becoming a successful
entrepreneur. The project's foundational basis is built on
the European Commission's definition of what it means to
be entrepreneurial - having thecapacity to act upon
opportunities and ideas and transform them into financial,
cultural or social value for others.
The EYENEET training model focuses on trainees acquiring
Knowledge Economy skills for the 21st Century and beyond
that would sustain them through their journey toward gainful
employment and/or successful entrepreneurship to start a
business. These same skills can also improve their
employability in the 21st Century workforce prepared with
skills demanded by employers - capabilities for analytical
problem-solving, innovation and creativity, self-direction
and initiative, flexibility and adaptability, critical thinking, and
skills in being able to communicate, work in teams and
collaborate. These will empower them to become problem-
solvers, able to look at situations from different perspectives.
They become skilled at defining a problem to consider its
causes towards identifying, prioritizing and selecting
alternatives for its solution. The project attempts to define
what entrepreneurship means to our beneficiaries in
attaining marketable skills.
Their foray into the world of entrepreneurship will support
them in developing valued products and services that fulfill
a need. Likewise, beneficiaries who want to get a job
become equipped with skills in demand by the 21st
Century workforce of the Knowledge Age. Those wanting to
return to formal education or vocational training will bring new
skills for knowledge deepening and knowledge creation.
EYENEET mentors are experienced in the material being
taught, and guide trainees through the training modules,
delivered via e-learning methodologies. They also liaison
with local resources that will support beneficiaries on the
pathway to entrepreneurship, employment or a return to
formal education and/or vocational training
EYENEET - Geography...
Municipality of Menjez, Lebanon
A.3.1: Provide young people,especially
those belonging to the NEETS, and women,
with marketable skils
A project of Global Skills Network
A Sign of the Times
In the Mediterranean Region...
EYENEET - Beneficiaries...
By the Numbers...
EYENEET was devised as a training model that promotes the acquisition of
skills and competences through distance learning coupled with activities and
services provided by local Associate Partners to support beneficiaries' pathways
toward entrepreneurship, the job market, or a return to formal education and/or vocational
training. The project supports dialogue amongst stakeholders to advance knowledge about the
NEET population in our areas, and provides a venue for virtual exchanges amongst beneficiaries ofthe project.
EYENEET is a collaboration of a consortium of representatives from the public sector, academia, business and training
entities, entrepreneurship ecosystems, idea centers and accelerators, employers and public/private agencies that
promote employment opportunities for young people. Our project addresses the thematic objective of supporting
NEETS, especially women and young people in acquiring marketable skills through the creation and support of
model field projects - piloting the EYE model in diverse learning environments; EYENEET also has overlapping goals
aligned with the Funding Authority's priority of promoting socio-economic development and social cohesion through
cross-border collaboration that creates synergies amongst Mediterranean Sea Basin countries. EYENEET adheres to
the systematic and objective assessment of the project according to standards set forth by the Funding Authority for the
evaluation, monitoring and reviewing of project activities as well as for the dissemination of knowledge forthcoming from
the project's activities and research. Contact: Sandra Lund-Diaz, M.Ed., Global Skills Network Barcelona - EYENEET
Consortium Coordinator, email@example.com
How serious is the NEET problem? According to the
International Labour Organization, 34% of the world's
population are young women NEETs, and 10% are
young men NEETs. Eurofound, the European statistics
agency, reported The NEET rate in Europe increased
to13.2% in 2012. Due to the sectoral nature of the crisis,
unemployment and long-term unemployment rates rose
most sharply among young men. In absolute numbers,
around six million young people in Europe belong to
the NEET group. For those aged 15-29, the number
is about 14 million - 14.2%. Mirroring global rates by
gender, there there are more NEET women than men
among those aged 15-24. Perhaps more important
than simply considering the numbers is considering
the great wasted potential for productivity and
contributions to society.
Not in Education,
Send Us A Note....
A SPECIAL FOCUS IS
PLACED ON RECRUITING
WOMEN TO THE PROJECT AND
PATHS TO EMPLOYMENT AND
Send us an email: firstname.lastname@example.org
A.3 Promotion of social
inclusion and the fight
18-28 year-olds who
or belong to a NEET
(Not in Education,
EYENEET - A Multi-Partner
The following geographic areas that meet those
criteria were selected as bases for designing,
developing and implementing the EYENEET
Project: European Union Member Countries
of Spain (lead), Portugal, Greece, and Italy
Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs) of
Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Tunisia.
Bringing together diverse
people to collaboratively
analyze and address
complex problems that
The EYENEET Solution
Facilitating the Acquisition of
Marketable Skills and Workplace Competences
* Stakeholder Dialogue and Beneficiaries Virtual Exchanges
* Training for Skills, Competences and a Growth Mindset
* Community of Practice for Trainers and Mentors
* Local Linkages for Pathways to Entrepreneurship,
Gainful Employment or a Return to Formal Education
and/or Vocational Training
Trainers wanting to
provide a more
path for their
the Public Sector